Researchers have studied the effects of acupuncture for autistic children, and in particular whether scalp acupuncture may help with their language development. Twenty autistic children aged between four and seven years, were divided into two groups, and both received a nine month course of language therapy, aimed at stimulation of cognitive and verbal abilities, in order to help language impairment. In addition, one group received scalp acupuncture (treatment which makes use of some of the many acupuncture points on the scalp). Both groups showed significant improvement in cognitive and expressive language skills, but there was a markedly greater improvement in the group which had received acupuncture.
The researchers conclude that scalp acupuncture is a safe complementary modality when combined with language therapy, and has a significantly positive effect on language development in children with autism
(Scalp Acupuncture Effect on Language Development in Children with Autism: A Pilot Study. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, March 2008.)
The effect of acupuncture on the immune system has been investigated by Japanese researchers. They measured immune system markers in the blood of seventeen healthy volunteers aged 21-51, both before and after receiving acupuncture, in order to determine the activity of T cells, B cells, macrophages and natural killer cells. Their observations suggested that acupuncture regulates the immune system, and promotes humoral (antibody driven) and cell-mediated (T cell driven) immunity, as well as natural killer cell activity.
(Acupuncture Regulates Leukocyte Subpopulations in Human Peripheral Blood. Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, December 2007.)
A randomised, controlled pilot study has been completed, assessing the contribution of acupressure and acupuncture for cancer-related fatigue. Forty-seven cancer patients with moderate to severe fatigue, were assigned at random to one of three groups: acupuncture, acupressure or sham acupressure. The acupuncture group received six treatments spread over two weeks. The two acupressure groups were shown points which they pressed daily for two weeks. At the end of the trial, the acupuncture group enjoyed a 36% improvement in fatigue levels, the acupressure group improved by 19%, and the sham acupressure group improved by 0.6%.
(The Management of Cancer-Related Fatigue After Chemotherapy with Acupuncture and Acupressure: A Randomised Controlled Trial. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, December 2007.)
Researchers studying the effects of acupuncture for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome, randomised 89 patients into two groups, receiving either true or sham acupuncture, twice-weekly over ten weeks. (The sham group acted as a control and were lead to believe they were experiencing real acupuncture.) In the true acupuncture group, 73% of patients responded, compared to only 47% in the sham group. At follow-up 24 weeks later, this level of response was maintained by 32% of the acupuncture group and only 13% of the sham control group. Patients receiving true acupuncture were thus 2.4 times more likely to experience long-term benefit.
(Acupuncture versus Sham Acupuncture for Chronic Prostatitis/ Chronic Pelvic Pain. American Journal of Medicine, January 2008.)
Heartburn, caused by reflux of stomach acid, is a common symptom, and may be due to simple indigestion or due to a condition such as hiatus hernia. Proton pump inhibitor drugs, such as omeprazole, are often prescribed to control it, and if they are not working, standard practice is to double the dose.
An American clinical trial looked at acupuncture for heartburn and enrolled thirty patients who did not respond to the standard drug dose. They were randomly assigned to receive either double the dose, or standard dose plus two acupuncture sessions per week. After four weeks, the acupuncture group demonstrated a significant decrease in heartburn day and night, and in acid regurgitation. The double drug dose group did not demonstrate a significant change.
The authors noted that acupuncture was found to enhance gastric peristalsis, as observed by ultrasonography, and to accelerate gastric emptying in dyspeptic patients with documented delayed gastric emptying.
(Clinical trial: acupuncture vs. doubling the proton pump inhibitor dose in refractory heartburn. Alimentary Pharmacology Therapeutics, September 2007.)