Italian hospital and university researchers studying the use of moxa to turn breech babies, have concluded it is an effective and low-cost treatment. In a pilot study, 93 women in the 32nd to 35th week of pregnancy and confirmed breech by ultrasound, were given moxa to use at home once a day for two weeks. If babies remained breech after this, women were given an additional thirty minutes of moxibustion, plus some acupuncture, for three additional days over the course of one week. Cephalic version and natural childbirth was subsequently observed in 62% of all treated women. Acceptability was very high at 98.9% and compliance for moxibustion was 91.4%.
(Turning Foetal Breech Presentation at 32-35 Weeks of Gestational age by Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 9 June 2019.)